Which Agreement Created The Idea Of Sovereignty

72 First, and although this may be disputed from the point of view of democratic legitimacy, in both cases different institutions exercise their sovereignty: the executive acts as sovereign in external affairs, whereas, as a general rule, the legislature is regarded as sovereign in internal affairs. As a result, it can be difficult to distinguish between parliamentary sovereignty within and state sovereignty abroad. Second, their functions differ; While internal sovereignty refers to all political and legal issues, external sovereignty generally refers only to issues of coexistence and/or cooperation between different sovereign entities. Finally, external sovereignty can less easily be described as final or ultimate, since it is necessarily the same; it can only be just as ultimate, since a sovereign can only coexist as an equal with other sovereigns. However, in internal affairs, sovereignty is usually definitive. 14 It should be noted, however, that this is a historical simplification. In fact, on the one hand, modern sovereignty was largely established before 1648, on the other hand, sovereignty was again questioned later and until the end of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. Sovereign equality was first recognized or at least practiced in 1555 in the Peace of Augsburg. And it was only after the fall of the empire and the weakening of the concert of nations that the model of coexistence of equal and sovereign states could be considered predominant. Territoriality is now deeply evident. This is a feature of authority around the world. Supranational and international institutions such as the European Union and the United Nations are also composed of States whose composition is in turn defined territorially.

This universality of form is characteristic of modernism and emphasizes the combination of sovereignty and modernity. Although territoriality existed at different times and in different places, other principles of belonging such as family kinship, religion, tribe and feudal ties also had great prestige. The most distinct contrast is the territoriality of a wandering tribe whose authority structure is completely separated from a particular piece of land. Territoriality determines the quality by which citizens are subject to authority – their geographical location within a number of borders. Theorists of international relations, in fact, have pointed out the similarity between sovereignty and another institution in which lines delimit land – private property. In fact, the two rose together in the thought of Thomas Hobbes. .